Mexico: A growth in Mexican aquaculture production was detected as a result of the incentives granted by the Aquaculture and Fisheries Commission (CONAPESCA) for the development of the activity and the effort made by producers throughout the country.
This statement is expressed in a report by CONAPESCA, presented at the session held in facilities of the Undersecretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA).
The meeting established that due to its impact in marginalized areas and in many rural communities of the country, aquaculture has been a determining factor for overcoming poverty, which is demonstrable by the high impacts and achievements that have been obtained.
Currently, the main species of aquaculture in Mexico are shrimp (150,076 tons); tilapia (149,054 tonnes); Oyster (45,148 tons), carp (30,300 tons) and trout (seven thousand tons) and the main producing states are Sonora, Sinaloa, Jalisco, and Veracruz.
During the 2014-2017 period, CONAPESCA supported 2,339 requests for incentives presented, for an accumulated amount of 1,889 million pesos nationally, highlighting the support for the acquisition of biological and genetic resources, mariculture, commercial aquaculture in water interiors, rural aquaculture (35 state projects) and productive improvement of reservoirs (17 projects).
The supports have been for infrastructure and equipment (cage farming systems, ponds, pumps, aerators, filters, parameter measurement equipment, feeders) and acquisition of alevines, which has benefited 2,791 producers, of which 26 percent are women.
A very important aspect of aquaculture production in Mexico is that all aquaculture projects have their Environmental Impact Statement issued by SEMARNAT because care has been taken to control the environmental impacts that may arise from this productive activity, which has currently reached an 85 percent level of compliance.
This has been possible because the federal authorities and in particular CONAPESCA have given priority to combine production standards with the care of ecosystems in compliance with environmental legislation, which avoids putting at risk the natural heritage provided by food.
In this sense, aquaculture management actions have been promoted to encourage the production of food of high nutritional quality and accessible price, it includes the improvement of genetic lines of species susceptible to aquaculture; support and development of applied research and aquaculture management aimed at further promoting the national aquaculture potential through the characterization of areas where aquaculture can be carried out.
Aquaculture today offers Mexican producers broad development and investment opportunities with different countries and associations, under 12 Free Trade Agreements with 46 nations; 32 agreements for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments with 33 countries and nine agreements of limited scope within the framework of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI).